Circassians


Circassians
   Ethnic group. A rather vague term, “Circassian” is used to refer to a number of ethnically related Northwestern Caucasian peoples including the Adyghe, Kabardins, Cherkess, and, to a lesser extent, Abkhaz, the titular population of the breakaway Georgian republic of Abkhazia. Once simply an exonym applied by the conquering Russians, it has become a self-identifying term for many non-Turkic, Muslim muhajirs (Arabic: “emigrants”) who fled the North Caucasus during the 19th century.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

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  • Circassians — is a term derived from the Turkic Cherkess ( Çerkes ), and is not the self designation of any people. It has sometimes been applied indiscriminately to all the peoples of the North Caucasus. Most specifically, the term can apply only to the… …   Wikipedia

  • Circassians — n. native or resident of Circassia (region in southern Russia) adj. pertaining to the people of Circassia (region in southern Russia); of the Circassian family of Caucasian languages n. family of Caucasian languages …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Circassians in Israel — Circassian men in traditional cloths in Kfar Kama Total population 4,000[citation needed …   Wikipedia

  • Circassians in Turkey — Türkiye Çerkezleri Адыгэхэр Тырку/Adyghexer Tyrku Ethem the Circassian, his Circassian hands and …   Wikipedia

  • Circassians Majlis — The Adyghe national flag Circassians Majlis (Adyghe: Хасэ ): Was a political and resistant unity which took place in 1860 after a meeting in Adyghe: (Шъачэ) currently Sochi in Russia between the leaders of three coastal Adyghe Tribes the… …   Wikipedia

  • Ethnic cleansing of Circassians — The mountaineers leave the aul, by P. N. Gruzinsky, 1872 …   Wikipedia

  • Circassian nationalism — Circassia. Alexander Keith Johnston, 1861 Circassian nationalism[1] is the desire among Circassians to establish (or rather, revive) an …   Wikipedia

  • Circassian diaspora — The Circassian diaspora refers to the resettlement of the Circassian population, especially during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. From 1763 to 1864, the Circassians fought against the Russian Empire in the Russian Circassian War …   Wikipedia

  • Adyghe people — Adyghe Адыгэ Attéghéi Flag of Adygea Total population 3.7 million est. worldwide (including Circassian diaspora)[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Circassian beauties — Painting by Jean Léon Gérôme of a veiled Circassian Circassian beauties is a term used to refer to an idealized image of the women of the Circassian people of the Northern Caucasus. A fairly extensive literary history suggests that Circassian… …   Wikipedia